B4. Waste



RECORDS OF WASTE

Fig. B4.1 : Waste production [thous. tonnes]

Source: VÚV T.G.M., v.v.i., CENIA(ISOH)

Prague has long been recording an increase in waste production (6.8 million tonnes in 2010, 6.1 million tonnes in 2009), related especially with increasing construction activity.

Of the total amount of waste production, about 43% was utilized on the Prague territory whereas e.g. 9.0% of which was utilized for energy, 21% was used for ground shaping and 21.3% was recycled. Waste disposal by landfilling in the city amounted to about 1.5% of total waste production. Waste incineration without energy utilization is, since 2005, being managed to keep at less than one tenth percent of the total waste production.

Table B4.1 : Waste production
classificated to others and hazardous [thous. tonnes]

Waste 2005 2009 2010
Total 3 535 6 144 6 795
Out of that in category Hazardous 186 136 211
Others 3 349 6 008 6 584

Source: VÚV T.G.M., v.v.i., CENIA (ISOH)


Fig. B4.2 : Share of waste disposed and utilised of the total production in Prague (selected categories)

Source: VÚV T.G.M., v.v.i., CENIA(ISOH)


COMPLEX SYSTEM OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

Quantity of municipal waste produced from citizens reached in 2010 386 thousand tonnes, which is about 308 kg per capita and in comparison with 2009 an increase of 0.7%, thus a long-term trend of a slight increase continues.

The complex system of waste management in Prague is still being developed. The proportion of utilized waste exceeded in 2010 already 82%, whereas 52% of which was used for energy generation. In 2010 increasing volume of usable components of waste (paper, glass, plastic, beverage cartons and bio-waste, in total it made up about 55 thousand tons, inter-year decrease about 0.6%) decreased slightly compared to 2009.

The collection of hazardous components of municipal waste is still provided (collecting yards, stationary collecting points of hazardous waste, mobile collection, etc.). In 2010 the number of collecting yards already increased to 13 in the City of Prague (from 12 in 2009). The number of sorted waste collection points also rose (approximately 3,300 public collection points and as many as 1,060 directly in the premises of the Prague Historical Reserve). What has also an important position in the system is the collection of bio-waste (seasonally by using large containers, followed by a stable bio-waste collection points in Prague 10 - Malešice and collecting yards on the Prague territory) and the collection of bulky waste, also through collection points of Prague and bulk containers put into the streets in the City of Prague.

Fig. B4.3 : The organisation of the mixed and sorted waste collecting by means of authorised companies, collecting yards, and stationary collecting points for hazardous waste, 2010

Source: MHMP


Fig. B4.4 : Trends in the production and management of municipal waste

Source: MHMP


Fig. B4.5 : Trends in the amount of sorted paper, glass, plastics, beverage boxes, and biological waste [tonnes]

Source: MHMP


Fig. B4.6 : Trends in the mixed waste production (thous. tonnes)

Source: MHMP


COSTS OF THE COMPLEX MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The total costs of the complex municipal waste management system in 2010 amounted to about CZK 1.15 billion. The greatest part of the costs concerns mixed waste management. Amount of approximately CZK 747 million is predominantly paid by public in terms of charging the citizens for municipal waste. The City, depending upon the level of inflation and changes in VAT, pays for this service from 5 to 20% of its own budget.

Of the remaining proportion of the costs is covered sorted collection, which includes the operation of collecting yards, sorted waste management, collection system and treatment of hazardous waste, biological waste collection projects and the costs of extra service. The costs of sorted waste collection in 2010 amounted to approximately CZK 301 million, hazardous waste CZK 12 million, operation of collecting yards around CZK 51 million and bulky waste management about CZK 44 million. Company EKO-KOM in 2010 contributed the separate waste collection with the amount of CZK 159 million and the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic paid the city CZK 1,570,064 for arrangement of the collection of pharmacies.

Fig. B4.7 : Trend in costs of the complex system of waste management [thous. CZK]

Source: MHMP


Fig. B4.8 : In 2010 installed underground containers for sorted waste
in Prague 3 (Žižkovo square)

Source: MHMP

Fig. B4.9 : On-loading of bulk container with bio-waste
from households and gardens (Prague 4)

Source: MHMP