Doplňující informace



List of used abbreviations


AIM Automatic Air Quality Monitoring
ATEM Studio of Ecological Modelling
BSK5 Biological oxygen demand (BOD)
CDV Transport Research Centre
CENIA CENIA, Czech Environmental Information Agency
CNG compressed natural gasn
CO carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
ČHMÚ Czech Hydrometeorological Institute
ČIŽP Czech Environmental Inspection Agency
ČOV waste water treatment plant (WWTP)
ČR Czech Republic
ČSN Czech Standard
ČSÚ Czech Statistical Office
ČÚZK Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre
dB decibel
dg. diagnosis
DPP The Prague Public Transport Company
EIA environmental impact assessment
EMAS Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
ENVIS Environmental Information Service of the City of Prague
EU European Union
EUR Euro
EVL significant European locality
EVVO, EEA Environmental education and awareness (EEA)
GZV General Plan for the Water Supply to the City of Prague
ha hectare
HDP gross domestic product (GDP)
HFC hydrofluorocarbons
CHKO Protected Landscape Area (PLA)
CHSK chemical oxygen demand (COD)
IOŽIP Environmental Information System
IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
ISOH Waste Management Information System
KES coefficient of ecol. stability
KK EVVO Regional Concept of Environmental Education, Bring-up, and Awareness
LAeq equivalent sound pressure level
Ldvn indicator of overall noise nuisance (daytime, evening-time, night-time)
LV, TV limit value, target value
MA 21 Local Agenda 21
City District
MHD public transport
MHMP Prague City Hall
MKN International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD)
MPSV Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA)
MT tolerance limit
MZ Ministry of Health
MŽP Ministry of the Environment
NL insoluble matter (IM)
NPP national natural monument
NO hazardous waste
NO2, NOx nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxides
OOP MHMP Department of Environmental Protection of the Prague City Hall
OZKO areas with poor air quality
PFC perfluorocarbons
PHC anti-noise screen
PID Prague Integrated Transport
PLV limit value exceedances
PM10, PM2,5 breathable particulate matter (particle size under 10 μm/2.5 μm)
PP natural monument
PR natural reserves
PRE, a. s. Prague Energy Utility Company, Inc.
PVK, a. s. Prague Water Supply and Sewerage Company, Inc..
PVS, a. s. Prague Water Management Authority
REZZO Air Pollution Sources Inventory
SF6 sulfur hexafluoride
SLBD Censuses of Population and Housing
SO2 sulphur dioxide
SZÚ National Institute of Public Health
TSK - ÚDI Technical Administration of Roads of the City of Prague
TT tram line
ÚAP Land Analysis Documents
ÚČOV Central Waste Water Treatment Plant (CWWTP)
ÚEK Territorial Energy Concept
ÚRM City Development Authority of the City of Prague
ÚZIS ČR Institute of Health Informatics and Statistics
VOC volatile organic compounds (TOL)
VÚV TGM T.G. Masaryk Water Research Institute
ZEVO Waste to Energy Plant
ZCHÚ specially protected area
ZPF Agricultural Land Fund
ŽP the environment




Partners






National Institute for Public Health

The system of monitoring the health status of the population of the Czech Republic in relation to the environment was established in 1994 and since then it has been continuously implemented in selected cities, in which over 3.5 million inhabitants live in total. It represents an extensive collection of regular activities focused on monitoring exposure routes of harmful substances and factors, and the evaluation of health risks for the inhabitants. Part of the measurements and data collection is carried out by Hygiene service, a smaller part by other cooperating organizations. The system is coordinated and managed by the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) in Prague.

According to the results of the measurements at stationary stations in quarters experts from the NIPH assess the air quality in terms of potential health risks and try to determine the proportion of pollutants on the disease development related to air pollution. According to estimates of the NIPH, for example a chronic exposure to fine dust particles in the Czech Republic presents a loss of roughly 96,000 years of life every year due to premature mortality and reduced life expectancy by almost nine months.

The NIPH processes data of the national database about the quality of drinking water from the public water mains and the quality of recreational waters, and it publishes an annual report for the Czech public. Indicator sheets containing frequencies of excess findings or number of people supplied with water with elevated levels of pollutants are processed and published on the website of the institute.

Exposure to harmful chemicals is also monitored in about 200 kinds of foodstuffs. The objective of this monitoring is not a typical food checking, but an estimation of the health risks for the Czech population arising from the intake of food contaminants based on the actual consumption of food. The NIPH within its activities cooperates intensively with the European Food Safety Agency. A whole range of professional information in this area, such as the most common sources of pesticides in the normal diet, is available on the website of the NIPH.

The NIPH also provides, except monitoring noisiness of particular environment in connection with the investigation of annoyance and sleep disturbance, population bio-monitoring, monitoring and evaluation of toxic metal content in the blood and urine of children and adults, as well as chlorinated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in breast milk of primiparous women. Herewith it provides the groundwork for the assessment of the National Implementation Plan of the Stockholm Convention, which restricts or prohibits the production and use of persistent organic pollutants.

The chain of activities from individual human exposures, through biomonitoring – junction of all exposure routes, is concluded by evaluation of health status of the population. The representative investigations are performed in both children and adults of middle age, where various chronic diseases are beginning to develop. While children are monitored for allergies and respiratory diseases using the records of paediatricians, in adults it is a questionnaire survey through which the incidence of health problems and non-infectious diseases, such as ischemic heart diseases or diabetes, and especially the presence of risk factors which promote the emergence of these diseases, are investigated. Such factors are for instance smoking, obesity or lack of exercise, but also a socio-economic conditions. The population attitudes are very important, expressed by their lifestyle, eating habits, willingness to active care of their health, etc. By repeated the questionnaire surveys after a certain time, it is possible to deduce which direction health condition of our population is going to develop and how it will change people‘ s attitudes towards health issues.

The monitoring results can be found at www.szu.cz/publikace/ monitoring-zdravi-a-zivotniho-prostredi. Contact for ordering printed reports of Monitoring System or CD: NIPH, Headquarters of monitoring system, Šrobárova 48, Prague 10, e-mail: chzp@szu.cz.




Environment publications in Prague

dosud vydané výstupy Informačního systému o životním prostředí v Praze (IOŽIP)

Ročenky

PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1989, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1990
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1990, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1991
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1991, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1992
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1992, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1993
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1992, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1993
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1993/94, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1994
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1993/94, ČEÚ, IMIP, 1994
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1995, IMIP, 1995
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1995, IMIP, 1995
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1996, IMIP, 1996
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1996, IMIP, 1997
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1997, IMIP, 1997
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1997, IMIP, 1998
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1998, IMIP, 1998
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1998, IMIP, 1999
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 1999, IMIP, 1999
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2000, MHMP, 2000
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2001, MHMP, 2001
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2002, MHMP, 2002
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2003, MHMP, 2003
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2004, MHMP, 2005
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2005, MHMP, 2006
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2006, MHMP, 2007
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 2007, MHMP, 2008
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2007, MHMP, 2008
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2008, MHMP, 2009
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2009, MHMP, 2011
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ / PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT 2010, MHMP, 2012

Jiné publikace, mapy, CD-ROM

POVRCHY A ZELEŇ – BILANCE ZA KATASTRÁLNÍ ÚZEMÍ, IMIP, 1995
ZDROJE ZNEČIŠŤOVÁNÍ OVZDUŠÍ V PRAZE, IMIP, 1997
PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ – VÝVOJOVÉ TRENDY A STATISTIKA, 1998
PRAGUE – ENVIRONMENT, TRENDS AND STATISTICS, IMIP, 1998
ATLAS ŽIVOTNÍHO PROSTŘEDÍ V PRAZE, IMIP, 1997
ATLAS ŽIVOTNÍHO PROSTŘEDÍ V PRAZE – II, IMIP, 1998
CD-ROM PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 1, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 1, IMIP, 1997
CD-ROM PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 2, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 2, IMIP, 1998
CD-ROM PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 3, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 3, IMIP, 2000
CD-ROM PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 4, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 4, MHMP, 2001
CD-ROM PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 5, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 5, MHMP, 2002
CD-ROM PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 6, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 6, MHMP, 2005
DVD PRAHA – ŽIVOTNÍ PROSTŘEDÍ 7, PRAGUE ENVIRONMENT 7, MHMP, 2008
PRAHA – indikátory udržitelného rozvoje / PRAGUE – sustainable development indicators, MHMP, 2009
PRAHA – udržitelná energie / PRAGUE – sustainable energy, MHMP, 2010

UPOZORNĚNÍ
Další podrobné informace jsou uvedeny na webových stránkách http://envis.praha-mesto.cz
(záložka Ročenky Praha ŽP, rubrika Nástroje ochrany ŽP / Informační systém o ŽP / Publikace, aplikace).

Kontakt
Magistrát hl. m. Prahy – Odbor rozvoje veřejného prostoru (RVP MHMP) Jungmannova 35/29, 110 00 Praha 1
odpovědný pracovník: Ing. Jiří Stach, tel.: +420 236 003 243, e-mail: jiri.stach@praha.eu







Prague Environment 2010

Publisher
City of Prague – Prague City Hall

Editorial
V. Třebický, L. Klouda, Team Iniciative for Local Sustainable Development
J. Stach, City of Prague – Prague City Hall
and a team of authors

Graphics and Composition
J. Novák, Team Iniciative for Local Sustainable Development

Photograph on the front page
P. Kohout

Translation
A. Sokol

HTML version
D. Podhůrský

Print
Aladin Agency, Praha 3

Printing
1,000 pieces
1st edition, 52 pages
December 2012

Printed on paper manufactured without using chlorine